Those who follow Islam are actually the representatives of peace and safeness. a. The word “religion” found in one form or another in most European, i.e., Germanic, Romanic and Slavic, languages, comes from a Latin word “religio.” The definition of religion is a controversial and complicated subject in religious studies with scholars failing to agree on any one definition. In the later years, the term was used to relate to t… The type a person focuses on can tell a lot about what he thinks of religion and how he perceives religion in human life. Even the concept of "supernatural beings" is a bit too specific; Mircea Eliade defined religion in reference to a focus on "the sacred," and that is a good replacement for "supernatural beings" because not every religion revolves around the supernatural. In Matthew 19:16-23, the rich young ruler comes to Jesus. They study religion objectively, and their purpose is not to judge. The whole problem of the existence of divine or social “ties” of this kind is very Western, however, and the idea itself in fact is completely absent in many cultures in the world. Spell. Many scholarly and academic attempts to define or describe religion can be classified into one of two types: functional or substantive. Religions can show the transcendental dimension of life. a particular system of beliefs, values, rituals and worship shared by a number of people. The basics of Christian beliefs. We have our shamans only.”. The Encyclopedia of Philosophy lists traits of religions rather than declaring religion to be one thing or another, arguing that the more markers present in a belief system, the more "religious like" it is: This definition captures much of what religion is across diverse cultures. Theologians and philosophers of religion agree that these religions embody a principle of transcendence, i.e., a concept, sometimes a godhead, that involves humans in an experience beyond their immediate personal and social needs, an experience known as "the sacred" or "the holy." So why spend so much time explaining and discussing these types of definitions? A good example of a vague definition is the tendency to define religion as "worldview" — but how can every worldview qualify as a religion? It is the coexistence of various religions under the same roof, and celebrating the presence of other religions without losing one's own identity. Sources of western concepts of the divine have been threefold: experience, revelation, and reason. The narrow concept of religion, more often pressed by government officials than scholars of religion, needs reconsideration in the contemporary world. He also considered the concept of “God” to be on the verge of extinction. Flashcards. Austin Cline, a former regional director for the Council for Secular Humanism, writes and lectures extensively about atheism and agnosticism. Biologist Julian Huxley dismissed the existence of religion as a vestige of past ignorance and superstition: “Gods are peripheral phenomena produced by evolution.” 1997] The Concept of Religion Because the classification of a group or individual as religious or nonreligious is directly related both to the provision of benefits under the Free Exercise Clause4 and to the imposition of burdens under the Establishment This question is difficult to answer in part because the concept of religion is not well defined (to put it mildly). Religion is a concept created by modern scholars and superimposed on a variety of different phenomena for a variety of motives. Religion has no … Is such a distinction valid? Last updated 2009-08-14. Adjunct Professor in Religious Studies, Brief Analyses of the Religious Nature of Scientology, by J. Gordon Melton, Baylor University, Samuel Hill, Gary Bouma, Irving Hexham, Congregational Services of the Church of Scientology, by Alan W. Black, Associate Professor of Sociology, University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales, Australia, by Dean M. Kelley, National Council of Churches, Religious Toleration & Religious Diversity, by David Chidester, Professor of Comparative Religion, University of Cape Town, South Africa, by Urbano Alonso Galan, Professor of Philosophy and Theology, Gregorian University of Rome, Scientology: A Way of Spiritual Self-Identification, by Michael Sivertsev, Moscow Academy of Sciences, by Lonnie D. Kliever, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas, Scientology and Contemporary Definitions of Religion in the Social Sciences, by Alejandro Frigerio, Professor of Sociology, Catholic University of Argentina, Buenos Aires, by Christiaan Vonck, Rector, Faculty for Comparative Study of Religion, Antwerp, Belgium, Scientology: A Comparison with Religions of the East and West, by Per-Arne Berglie, Professor of History of Religion, University of Stockholm, Scientology Its Cosmology, Anthropology, System of Ethics and Methodologies, by Régis Dericquebourg, Professor of Sociology of Religion, University of Lille III, France, Scientology – Its Historical-Morphological Frame, by Dario Sabbatucci, Professor of History of Religions, University of Rome, by Harri Heino, Professor of Theology, University of Tampere, Finland, by Frank K. Flinn, Adjunct Professor of Religious Studies Washington University. 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