K. Farr. 1. ), the Books of Esdras, the Book of Wisdom, the Book of Baruch, the Book of … One may find some analogy in the fact that among many Christians the official literature of the denomination to which they belong has more commanding force than the Bible itself. 1 Maccabees 1:38; 2:7). Which books are considered as part of the Bible or divvine change from time to time. Moses too in choosing the seventy elders is told to take those whom he knows to be elders indeed, and to select them not for their years but for their discretion [Num. The Apocrypha in the Septuagint In the third century B.C., Jewish scholars translated the Hebrew Bible (the Old Testament) into Greek, resulting in the Septuagint. Circumstances under Which Made 2. Results of Circulation 5. 38. These books were written not in Hebrew but in Greek, and during the "period of silence," from the time of Malachi, after which oracles and direct revelations from God ceased till the Christian era. Scholars are still divided as to the original language, date, and place of composition of some of the books that come under this provisional attempt at order. Hebrew Words for "Apocrypha":Is it quite certain that there is no Hebrew word or expression corresponding exactly to the word "apocrypha" as first used by Christian writers, i.e. Although his statement was controversial in his day,[33] Jerome was later titled a Doctor of the Church and his authority was also cited in the Anglican statement in 1571 of the Thirty-Nine Articles. Jerome completed his version of the Bible, the Latin Vulgate, in 405. Yet the fact that these books are mentioned at all show that they were more highly esteemed than heathen and than even heretical Christian writings. <. Specif. His Bible was the first major edition to have a separate section called Apocrypha. "[42] In 1826,[43] the National Bible Society of Scotland petitioned the British and Foreign Bible Society not to print the Apocrypha,[44] resulting in a decision that no BFBS funds were to pay for printing any Apocryphal books anywhere. Assuming this, we have in this verse the first example of apokruphos in the sense "esoteric." USAGE AS TO APOCRYPHA1. There are some exceptions to this trend, however. Third Millennium Bible w/ Apocrypha. The eastern churches down to the present day reject the meaning of "apocrypha" current among Protestants (see definition above), and their Bible includes the Old Testament Apocrypha, making no distinction between it and the rest of the Bible.3. The Reformers:Separation from Canonical Books.But it is to the Reformers that we are indebted for the habit of using Apocrypha for a collection of books appended to the Old Testament and generally up to 1827 appended to every printed English Bible. Josephus and Philo, of the first century, exclude them from the canon. ... Apocrypha of the New Testament. It divides sacred books into three classes:(1) The sixty canonical books. ... //christianbookshelf.org/unknown/apocrypha of the new testament/, Introductory Notice to Apocrypha of the New Testament. a-pok'-ri-fa:I. DEFINITIONII. in the sense "esoteric"? Although Dillmann is here in the minority among interpreters, it would be difficult to show that he is wrong in interpreting this as referring to one male and one female, the first pair. (n. <. [citation needed], Martin Luther translated the Bible into German during the early part of the 16th century, first releasing a complete Bible in 1534. http://video.wvbs.orgHave you ever wondered why we have the books we do in our Bibles? The Apocrypha generally consists of 14 booklets of which 1 and 2 Maccabees and 1 Esdras are the main documents and form the bulk of the apocryphal writings. [31] Luther was making a polemical point about the canonicity of these books. they were of an esoteric character. Now the Jews of the Dispersion spoke and wrote Greek, and they continued to think and write long after their fellow-countrymen of the homeland had ceased to produce any fresh original literature. For books whose inclusion in the Old Testament canon is controversial, see. "Esoteric" in Greek Philosophy, etc. Int. (3.) The Apocrypha of the Bible: The History of the Ancient Apocryphal Texts Left Out of the Old Testament and New Testament examines the history of the books excluded from the Bible, the characters and events told by the books, and the discoveries that have influenced Biblical studies in the last few centuries. Origen (died 253) held that we ought to discriminate between books called "apocryphal," some such having to be firmly rejected as teaching what is contrary to the Scriptures. (2.) 26) followed by many others referred the distinction to Aristotle, but as modern scholars agree, wrongly, for the exoterikoi logoi, of that philosopher denote popular treatises. noun the Apocrypha (functioning as singular or plural) the 14 books included as an appendix to the Old Testament in the Septuagint and the Vulgate but not included in the Hebrew canon. Our Lord and his apostles confirmed by their authority the ordinary Jewish canon, which was the same in all respects as we now have it. Title Page. Xenos is the most common word for "stranger" in the New Testament (Matthew 25:35, etc. The term means 'things hidden away,' which implies secret or esoteric literature. Matthew's Bible, published in 1537, contains all the Apocrypha of the later King James Version in an inter-testamental section. The Apocrypha Is Never Cited In The New Testament As Scripture Though the New Testament cites directly, or alludes to, almost every book of the Old Testament as Scripture, it never cites the Apocrypha as being God's Word. (See, for example, Codex Vaticanus, Codex Sinaiticus, Codex Alexandrinus, Vulgate, and Peshitta.) ADBOOKMAN. ), but it seems not to be used by itself with this force in the Apocrypha. Nor does exegesis demand such a meaning here, for no writings of any kind seem intended. So coming home, I presently went to my Bible, to see if I could find that saying, not doubting but to find it presently. [15] The Protestant Apocrypha contains three books (1 Esdras, 2 Esdras and the Prayer of Manasseh) that are accepted by many Eastern Orthodox Churches and Oriental Orthodox Churches as canonical, but are regarded as non-canonical by the Catholic Church and are therefore not included in modern Catholic Bibles.[16]. Printed Editions II. ; 2 Esdras - An extension by Christian writers of an original Jewish apocalyptic work, also known as the Apocalypse of Ezra. This preface to the Scriptures may serve as a "helmeted" introduction to all the books which we turn from Hebrew into Latin, so that we may be assured that what is not found in our list must be placed amongst the Apocryphal writings. Outside Genesis 1-5 the only case where it is unquestionably a proper name is 1 Chronicles 1:1. 1 Esdras 2 Esdras Tobit Judith Esther (Greek) Wisdom of Solomon Ecclesiasticus (Sira) Baruch Epistle of Jeremiah Prayer of Azariah Susanna Bel and the Dragon Prayer of Manasseh 1 Maccabees 2 Maccabees. Several books were included in the Septuagint that were not considered divinely inspired by Jews but were included in the Jewish Talmud, which is a supplement, of sorts, or interpretation of the Hebrew Bible. 3.5, 14). However, none of these texts were ever considered secret. Brenton's edition of the Septuagint includes all of the Apocrypha found in the King James Bible with the exception of 2 Esdras, which was not in the Septuagint and is no longer extant in Greek. Some of them, however, are of value for the historical information they furnish, for their moral and prudential maxims, and for the illustrations they afford of ancient life. The 1560 Geneva Bible placed the Prayer of Manasseh after 2 Chronicles; the rest of the Apocrypha were placed in an inter-testamental section. [52], Collection of ancient books found in some editions of Christian Bibles, This article is about a class of books included in some Bibles. After the Lutheran and Catholic canons were defined by Luther (c. 1534) and Trent (8 April 1546) respectively, early Protestant editions of the Bible (notably the Luther Bible in German and 1611 King James Version in English) did not omit these books, but placed them in a separate Apocrypha section apart from the Old and NewTestaments to indic… The Name Apocrypha.The investigation which follows will show that when the word "Apocryphal" was first used in ecclesiastical writings it bore a sense virtually identical with "esoteric": so that "apocryphal writings" were such as appealed to an inner circle and could not be understood by outsiders. ii. [Wisdom 2:23]...Instead of the three proofs from Holy Scripture which you said would satisfy you if I could produce them, behold I have given you seven", "The Orthodox Study Bible" 2008, Thomas Nelson Inc. p. xi, Development of the Christian biblical canon, doubts about the canonicity of four New Testament books, Learn how and when to remove this template message, http://www.bible-researcher.com/canon2.html, Development of the Old Testament canon#Church of England, "St. Jerome, The Prologue on the Book of Ezra: English translation", "Jerome, Prologue to the Books of Solomon (2006)", "Loose Canons: The Development of the Old Testament (Part 2)", "Gutenberg Bible: View the British Library's Digital Versions Online", "1945 Edition of the Luther Bible on-line", CBCEW (the Bishop's Conference of England and Wales), Introductory material to the appendix of the, https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/Apocrypha-Books/, "The Apocrypha, Bridge of the Testaments" by Robert C. Dentan formerly at orthodoxanglican.net, now at thefishersofmenministries.com, "Lutheran Cyclopedia: Apocrypha" at lcms.org, "Apocrypha" in the Catholic Encyclopaedia at newadvent.org/cathen, https://www.christiancourier.com/articles/111-the-apocrypha-inspired-of-god, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Biblical_apocrypha&oldid=995328477, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles needing additional references from June 2011, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The theme of the elders surprising Susanna in her bath is a common one in art, such as in paintings by, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 12:58. The apocrypha is a selection of books which were published in the original 1611 King James Bible. In the prologue to Ezra Jerome states that the third book and fourth book of Ezra are apocryphal; while the two books of Ezra in the Vetus Latina version, translating Ezra A and Ezra B of the Septuagint, are 'variant examples' of the same Hebrew original. This movement among Greek Christians was greatly aided by Gnostic sects and the esoteric literature to which they gave rise. Apocrypha: No American Standard Revised Version Apocrypha was attempted, a particularly unfortunate fact, as the necessity for the study of the Apocrypha.../r/revised.htm - 12k, American... 4. Notwithstanding the doubt which Ryle (Canon of the Old Testament, 156) casts on the matter, all the evidence goes to show that the Septuagint and therefore the other great Greek versions included the Apocrypha from the first onward.But how comes it to be that the Greek Old Testament is more extensive than the Hebrew Old Testament? Standard Bible Encyclopedia. The New Testament Apocrypha consists of a very extensive literature, which bears distinct evidences of its non-apostolic origin, and is utterly unworthy of regard. But those buried books are without exception canonical. New Testament. Protestant canon. These texts are not traditionally segregated into a separate section, nor are they usually called apocrypha. As an authority for this division, he cited St. Jerome, who in the early 5th century distinguished the Hebrew and Greek Old Testaments,[32] stating that books not found in the Hebrew were not received as canonical. [22] In his reply to Rufinus, he affirmed that he was consistent with the choice of the church regarding which version of the deuterocanonical portions of Daniel to use, which the Jews of his day did not include: What sin have I committed in following the judgment of the churches? There are no clear, definite New Testament quotations from the Apocrypha by Jesus or the apostles. Bruce, F.F. The present connotation of the term did not get fixed until the Protestant Reformation had set in, limiting the Biblical canon to its present dimensions among Protestant churches.1. But almost certainly the noun biblia is understood, so that the real implication of the word is "apocryphal books" or "writings." The development of the doctrine of the fall belongs to the New Testament. Furthermore, the Vulgate omits 3 and 4 Maccabees, which generally appear in the Septuagint, while the Septuagint and Luther's Bible omit 2 Esdras, which is found in the Apocrypha of the Vulgate and the King James Bible. Apocrypha: the Missing Books of the Bible. His words are: Quidquid extra hos (i.e. Apocrypha is a plural word (singular: apocryphan) that originally denoted hidden or secret writings, to be read only by initiates into a given Christian group. Apocrypha, Bible Timeline and the Many scholars and historians regard the Bible as the greatest literary masterpiece of all time. Perhaps if the Greek original of this book had been preserved the word "apocrypha" would have been found as an epithetic attached to the 70 books. This famous edition of the Vulgate was published in 1455. The Jews in the early Christian centuries had really two Bibles: (1) There was the Hebrew Bible which does not include the Apocrypha, and which circulated in Palestine and Babylon; (2) there was the Greek version (Septuagint) used by Greek-speaking Jews everywhere. Even Protestant Bibles up to 1827 included the Apocrypha, but as one collection of distinct writings at the end of the Old Testament. In general it may be said that the western church did not adopt the triple division of sacred books prevalent in the eastern church. Samaritans. having the secondary sense acquired by "apocrypha"? or "of another nation" (Acts 10:28). In this case we have a point of contact and of agreement with the narrative of chapter 2.Man, created in God's image, is given dominion over every animal, is allowed every herb and fruit tree for his sustenance, and is bidden multiply and fill the earth. <. They have all been collected by Fabricius in his Codex Apoc. But there are decisive reasons for rejecting this view. Wisdom, therefore, which generally bears the name of Solomon, and the book of Jesus, the Son of Sirach, and Judith, and Tobias, and the Shepherd are not in the canon. The word apocrypha, like many other words, has undergone a major change in meaning throughout the centuries. [37] The KJV followed the Geneva Bible of 1560 almost exactly (variations are marked below). The French Bible (1535) of Pierre Robert Olivétan placed them between the Testaments, with the subtitle, "The volume of the apocryphal books contained in the Vulgate translation, which we have not found in the Hebrew or Chaldee". Our English versions are made from a Latin original EZRA or the APOCALYPTIC ESDRAS. (1) Do such exist?Is there in Hebrew a word or expression denoting "non-canonical," i.e. The Old Testament Apocrypha . The Apocrypha was not the Bible of Jesus or His apostles. List of Books2. )(3) "Spurious" Books (Athanasius, Nicephorus, etc. [30] Luther placed these books between the Old and New Testaments. [29] Its Old Testament includes the books that Jerome considered apocryphal and those Clement VIII later moved to the appendix. 'hidden') denotes the collection of apocryphal ancient books thought to have been written some time between 200 BC and 400 AD. In the Septuagint (or rather Theodotion's version) of Daniel 11:43 it stands for "hidden" as applied to gold and silver stores. It will be seen from what has been said that notwithstanding the favorable attitude toward it of the eastern and western churches, from the earliest times, our Apocrypha was regarded with more or less suspicion, and the suspicion would be strengthened by the general antagonism toward it. Teachings of the Narrative:That man was meant by the Creator to be in a peculiar sense His own "image"; that he is the divinely appointed ruler over all his fellow-creatures on earth; and that he enjoys, together with them, God's blessing upon a creature fit to serve the ends for which it was created-these things lie upon the surface of Genesis 1:26-31. list which is almost certainly that of the Roman synod of 382 under Damasus, bishop of Rome, 366 to 384. The contents of the books themselves show that they were no part of Scripture. This follows the tradition of the Eastern Orthodox Church where the Septuagint is the received version of Old Testament scripture, considered itself inspired in agreement with some of the Fathers, such as St Augustine, rather than the Hebrew Masoretic text followed by all other modern translations. Compare the corresponding verb apallotrioo (Ephesians 2:12; Ephesians 4:18 Colossians 1:21). See ADAM IN THE NEW TESTAMENT; FALL, THE.4. (2) In the narrative of Genesis 1 the recurrence of identical expressions is almost rigidly uniform, but in the case of man the unique statement occurs (verse 27), "Male and female created he them." and in Latin works beginning with Jerome, Greek apokruphos meant non-canonical, implying inferiority in subject-matter to the books in the canon. The Western Church:(1) The Decretum Gelasii.In the western church the word apocrypha and the corresponding adjective had a somewhat different history. (vt) To estrange; to alienate. STRANGER AND SOJOURNER (IN THE APOCRYPHA AND THE NEW TESTAMENT). The former of these I have also found in Hebrew, titled not Ecclesiasticus as among the Latins, but Parables, to which were joined Ecclesiastes and Song of Songs, as though it made of equal worth the likeness not only of the number of the books of Solomon, but also the kind of subjects. The Biblical Antiquities of Philo translated by M. R. James [1917] An alternative pseudepigraphal narrative of the Hebrew Bible from Genesis through 1 Samuel, written in the first century C.E. The books 1 and 2 Esdras were omitted entirely. Mem. Geneva Bible, 1560. 1 Esdras - Offers a parallel account of the events recorded in 1 and 2 Chronicles, Ezra and Nehemiah, with the addition of the Debate of the Three Youths. First Maccabees is an historical account of the struggle of the Maccabee family and their followers for Jewish independence from 167 to 134 BC. Early Christian Usage:"Apocalyptic" literature.The word apocrypha was first used technically by early Christian writers for the Jewish and Christian writings usually classed under "Apocalyptic" (see APOCALYPTIC LITERATURE). Apocrypha are well attested in surviving manuscripts of the Christian Bible. Barber cites Jerome's letter to Eustochium, in which Jerome quotes Sirach 13:2.;[24] elsewhere Jerome also refers to Baruch, the Story of Susannah and Wisdom as scripture.[25][26][27]. [39] Despite being placed in the Apocrypha, in the table of lessons at the front of some printings of the King James Bible, these books are included under the Old Testament. The books of the Apocrypha include 1 Esdras, 2 Esdras, Tobit, Judith, Wisdom of Solomon, Ecclesiasticus, Baruch, the Letter of Jeremiah, Prayer of Manasseh, 1 Maccabees, and 2 Maccabees, as well as additions to the books of Esther and Daniel. But the evidence is against so early a use of the term in this-soon to be its prevailing-sense. After the Lutheran and Catholic canons were defined by Luther (c. 1534) and Trent[28] (8 April 1546) respectively, early Protestant editions of the Bible (notably the Luther Bible in German and 1611 King James Version in English) did not omit these books, but placed them in a separate Apocrypha section apart from the Old and New Testaments to indicate their status. "Esoteric" in Greek Philosophy, etc.III. In his prologue to the Judith he mentions that "among the Hebrews, the authority [of Judith] came into contention", but that it was "counted in the number of Sacred Scriptures" by the First Council of Nicaea. If this view is the correct one it follows that the distinction of canonical and non-canonical books originated among the Jews, and that the Fathers in using the word apocrypha in this sense were simply copying the Jews substituting Greek words for the Hebrew equivalent. (2) Views of Zahn, Schurer, Porter, etc. Definition.The word Apocrypha, as usually understood, denotes the collection of religious writings which the Septuagint and Vulgate (with trivial differences) contain in addition to the writings constituting the Jewish and Protestant canon. Numbers 9-11 in the above enumeration are additions made in the Greek Septuagint and Vulgate versions of Daniel to the book as found in the Massoretic Text. But there is a "New" as well as an "Old" Testament Apocrypha consisting of gospels, epistles, etc. The Pythagoreans recognized and observed these two kinds of doctrines and duties and there is good reason for believing that they created a corresponding double literature though unfortunately no explicit examples of such literature have come down to us.In the Greek mysteries (Orphic, Dionysiac, Eleusinian, etc.) But(1) the context does not even descend to a species, but arranges created things according to the most general possible classification: light and darkness; firmament and waters; land and seas; plants; sun, moon, stars; swimming and flying creatures; land animals. They reasoned that not printing the Apocrypha within the Bible would prove to be less costly to produce. 5 in the above, "Addition to Esther;" as it may be called, consists of the majority (107 out of 270 verses) of the Book of Esther since it occurs in the best manuscripts of the Septuagint and in the Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) over the text in the Hebrew Bible. The British Puritan revolution of the 1600s brought a change in the way many British publishers handled the apocryphal material associated with the Bible. All English translations of the Bible printed in the sixteenth century included a section or appendix for Apocryphal books. the so-called "Pseudepigraphical books. The authors of these so-called apocryphal books being unknown, it was sought to gain respect for these writers by tacking onto them well-known names, so that, particularly in the western church, "apocryphal" came to be almost synonymous with "pseudepigraphical." "The Canon of Scripture". ... /.../the arabic gospel of the infancy of the saviour/the arabic gospel of the.htm, Of Passages from the Holy Scriptures, and from the Apocrypha ... ... OF PASSAGES FROM THE HOLY SCRIPTURES, AND FROM THE APOCRYPHA, WHICH ARE QUOTED, OR INCIDENTALLY ILLUSTRATED, IN THE INSTITUTES. Revision 4. Brief Outline of the Books of the Apocrypha . This restricted sense of the word cannot be traced farther back than the beginning of the Reformation. This is not the original or the correct sense of the word, as will be shown, but it is that which it bears almost exclusively in modern speech. What Christ said in John 10:35 disagrees with that view. (Against Rufinus, II:33 (AD 402)). The most important of these are collected in the Apocrypha often bound up with the English Bible; but in the Septuagint and Vulgate they stand as canonical. They are not printed in Protestant versions of the Bible RC Church another name for the Pseudepigrapha But this and kindred literature was and is still held to be caviare to outsiders. In its broadest [19], In his prologue to the books of Solomon, he says:[20]. No possible parallel to this classification remains in the case of mankind. Among the Buddhists the Samga forms a close society open originally to monks or bhikhus admitted only after a most rigid examination; but in later years nuns (bhikshunis) also have been allowed admission, though in their case too after careful testing. The KJV Old Testament was translated from the Masoretic Hebrew text, and the Apocrypha was translated from the Greek Septuagint. occurs in the above phrase means "to store away," "to remove from view"-of things in themselves sacred or precious. SummaryIV. (4) Patristic.In patristic writings of an early period the adjective apokruphos came to be applied to Jewish and Christian writings containing secret knowledge about the future, etc., intelligible only to the small number of disciples who read them and for whom they were believed to be specially provided. These they would not have read in the Churches. Books and portions of books not found in the Masoretic Text of Judaism were moved out of the body of the Old Testament to this section. "Irenaeus (died 202) in opposition to Clement of Alexandria denies that esoteric writings have any claims to credence or even respect, and he uses the Greek word for "apocryphal" to describe all Jewish and Christian canons. ... Apocrypha of the New Testament. Apocrypha Search: Books. Since these are derived from the Septuagint, from which the old Latin version was translated, it follows that the difference between the KJV and the Roman Catholic Old Testaments is traceable to the difference between the Palestinian and the Alexandrian canons of the Old Testament. (c) The Hebrew phrase in question does not once occur in either the Babylonian or the Jerusalem Talmud, but only in rabbinical writings of a much later date. John Wycliffe (died 1384) puts the Apocrypha together at the end of the Old Testament and the same course was taken by Luther (1546) in his great German and by Miles Coverdale (died 1568) in his English translation.5. THE NAME APOCRYPHA1. Now it was felt that many if not most of the religious writings which came in the end of the 2nd century to be called "apocryphal" in a disparaging sense had their origin among heretical sects like the Gnostics, and that they had never commanded the approval of the great bulk of the churches. The technical meaning attaching to the .../m/malefactor.htm - 49k, Rest (831 Occurrences)... unintelligible. Clement of Alexandria (died 220) distinctly mentions esoteric books belonging to the Zoroastrian (Mazdean) religion.Oriental and especially Greek Christianity tended to give to philosophy the place which the New Testament and western Christianity assign the Old Testament. The Latin Vulgate Bible is an early translation of the Bible into Latin made by St. Jerome and completed in 405 AD. 2 Esdras. See under APOCRYPHA for commentary and various editions. ).The next step in the history of the word "apocrypha" is that by which it came to denote religious books inferior in authority and worth to the Scriptures of the Old Testament and New Testament. | GotQuestions.org, How do we know that the Bible is the Word of God, and not the Apocrypha, the Qur'an, the Book of Mormon, etc.? the 22 canonical books) inter Apocrypha ponendum: "Anything outside of these must be placed within the Apocrypha" (when among the Fathers and rabbis the Old Testament is made to contain 22 (not 24) books, Ruth and Lamentations are joined respectively to Judges and Jeremiah). Fact it has been answered in different ways to Jerome ( died 420 ), are. Apocryphal as the equivalent of the Bible into Latin made by St. Jerome and in! Placed the Prayer of Manasseh and the Talmud oldest known Jewish work not included in the Greek Septuagint additions daniel! Many scholars and historians regard the Bible now omit the Apocrypha are well attested in manuscripts... Bible lacks a specific Apocrypha section on the publication of Bibles with the and! Is no essential departure from classical usage Hebrew a word or expression denoting `` non-canonical Books4. Later King James version in an inter-testamental section, Welsh and other Protestant versions of the classical Greek other. And secret to be kept for the apocrypha of genesis Testament ( 4 ) pleasant-to sight-and ( ). Of apocryphal ancient books, the Apocrypha is a selection of books which were published 1455... Eastern Fathers ) When employed in reference to sacred books it will be seen that in this list are books... Doctrine of the 1600s brought a change in meaning throughout the centuries by the casual appellation `` the Apocrypha.... And Oldenberg ).III Apocrypha proper then would be included in the Apocrypha. `` Solomon found! Has undergone a major change in the Old Testament, composed during the Civil... Edited by Rutherford H. Platt, Jr. [ 1926 ] a collection of NT Apocrypha ) intended. Books which were published in 1455, Malefactor ( 2 Occurrences )... Noah Webster Dictionary., ( 'adham ; Septuagint Adam ).1 ).Athanasius, however, restricted the word Apocrypha to Greek... Other sense according to 5:3, 5 which they gave rise much more than in the Old Testament translated! Bible now omit the Apocrypha '' ( 1 ) Do such Exist? there. In either scholarship or usefulness greatly aided by Gnostic sects and the New,! Written primarily in the New - development of the `` wise among the people '' i.e... Books themselves show that they were included in the Orthodox Bible because were. 'S Introductory Notice to Apocrypha of the later King James Bible then it came to been. Also in the same text the meaning `` hidden. date, the Vulgate, referred to as the Vulgate. 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